Types of Head Injuries & Symptoms

When you are involved in an auto accident, one of the most common types of injuries you may experience is a head or brain injury. In fact, you don’t even have to hit your head to experience this type of injury. These injuries can vary in severity, causing an array of issues that can have a negative impact on your life. The following discusses some of the common types of brain injuries and what types of symptoms you should watch for after you are involved in a car accident.

Types of Head Injuries

Head injuries are among the most traumatic, causing issues with your mental function, some of which can be permanent and could even result in death. Some of the most common types include:

  • Concussions — This type of injury is the result of a rapid, sudden movement of the head, such as in a car collision. This causes the brain to collide with the skull, often resulting in blurred vision, nausea, memory loss and confusion. Some individuals may even lose consciousness. Multiple concussions can lead to permanent problems.
  • Edema — Edema is a medical term for swelling. When the brain swells as the result of a head injury, it can build up pressure, which can have a severely negative impact on the function of the brain.
  • Hemorrhage — This term refers to an internal bleed. When there is bleeding around the brain, it can lead to a build up of pressure similar to edema. In some cases, the bleeding is inside the brain, which can cause an entirely different set of issues.
  • Contusion — A contusion is a more clinical term for a bruise. When there is a sudden impact on the brain, it can cause this type of bruising, which can have minor to life-threatening effects, depending on the severity and the location of the contusion.
  • Whiplash — Often felt more profoundly in the neck, whiplash is caused by the rapid forward motion of the head during impact. It is typically defined as the damaging of the muscles and tendons in the neck, which can lead to headaches and other symptoms.
  • Secondary Impact Syndrome — This problem occurs when an individual suffers a second traumatic injury to the head before the initial injury can heal. This is not commonly found in car accident victims unless they are in multiple crashes in a short period of time.
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury — Instead of causing bleeding like some other brain injuries, this injury damages the brain cells directly. This makes it one of the most dangerous head injuries as it is almost always permanent and can be life threatening.

Symptoms to Look For

If you’ve been in a car accident, there are a few symptoms you should watch for to help determine if you may have a brain injury, including:

  • Memory Loss
  • Dizziness
  • Frequent Headaches
  • Nausea or Vomiting
  • Blurred Vision
  • Personality Changes
  • Depression
  • Sleep Problems
  • Drowsiness
  • Loss of Balance
  • Difficulty Concentrating

If you notice any of these symptoms, see your doctor right away.

Who Is at Fault In a Chain Reaction Vehicle Accident?

One of the first steps after a car accident is determining who is at fault. This allows insurance companies to decide who is eligible for a settlement and which company should be paying for the damages. While this is often relatively clear cut when it comes to one- or two-vehicle accidents, a chain reaction accident can be more difficult to assign blame. IN most cases, more than one person will be assigned a portion of the blame.

How It Occurs

There are many ways in which a chain reaction accident can occur, though there are two common types. The first typically happens when one vehicle hits another, pushing the car that was hit into another vehicle in front of it. While this is the most common way these accidents occur, there are other ways as well. For instance, after a two-car collision, the obstacle present in the roadway can cause other vehicles to crash into those that were already involved in the accident, especially if it takes place around a curve or other drivers are traveling too fast.

Who Is at Fault

In most situations, the driver who first hit another car will bear a majority of the responsibility for the accident, if not all of it, because none of the cars would be hit if the first collision didn’t take place. However, this isn’t always the case. If other drivers or public agencies can be proven to be at fault as well, this can alleviate some of the fault from the initial driver. Some of the other factors that can determine if another driver is also at fault can include:

  • Following too closely
  • Speeding
  • Distracted driving, such as texting or talking on the phone
  • Failure to use brake lights or turn signals
  • Improper maintenance of traffic signals
  • Road obstacles that weren’t cleared

In some situations, no one is deemed at fault based on the current driving conditions, such as bad weather or other natural hazards, such as ice. Causing an accident because of the effects of a medical condition can also alleviate fault in an accident.

Establishing Fault

The key is proving the person is at fault to allow you to win your case and get the compensation to which you are entitled. There are several ways in which this can be done, but each of them must prove negligence on the part of the at-fault party. Some of the ways to prove fault include:

  • Physical evidence, such as type of vehicle damage and debris and skid marks on the road
  • Witness statements
  • Police reports
  • Traffic violation records for the at-fault party

Establishing fault in an accident is a critical component of getting compensation after an accident. When it comes to chain reaction crashes, this can be even more difficult, but still possible with the right tools.