Types of Head Injuries & Symptoms

When you are involved in an auto accident, one of the most common types of injuries you may experience is a head or brain injury. In fact, you don’t even have to hit your head to experience this type of injury. These injuries can vary in severity, causing an array of issues that can have a negative impact on your life. The following discusses some of the common types of brain injuries and what types of symptoms you should watch for after you are involved in a car accident.

Types of Head Injuries

Head injuries are among the most traumatic, causing issues with your mental function, some of which can be permanent and could even result in death. Some of the most common types include:

  • Concussions — This type of injury is the result of a rapid, sudden movement of the head, such as in a car collision. This causes the brain to collide with the skull, often resulting in blurred vision, nausea, memory loss and confusion. Some individuals may even lose consciousness. Multiple concussions can lead to permanent problems.
  • Edema — Edema is a medical term for swelling. When the brain swells as the result of a head injury, it can build up pressure, which can have a severely negative impact on the function of the brain.
  • Hemorrhage — This term refers to an internal bleed. When there is bleeding around the brain, it can lead to a build up of pressure similar to edema. In some cases, the bleeding is inside the brain, which can cause an entirely different set of issues.
  • Contusion — A contusion is a more clinical term for a bruise. When there is a sudden impact on the brain, it can cause this type of bruising, which can have minor to life-threatening effects, depending on the severity and the location of the contusion.
  • Whiplash — Often felt more profoundly in the neck, whiplash is caused by the rapid forward motion of the head during impact. It is typically defined as the damaging of the muscles and tendons in the neck, which can lead to headaches and other symptoms.
  • Secondary Impact Syndrome — This problem occurs when an individual suffers a second traumatic injury to the head before the initial injury can heal. This is not commonly found in car accident victims unless they are in multiple crashes in a short period of time.
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury — Instead of causing bleeding like some other brain injuries, this injury damages the brain cells directly. This makes it one of the most dangerous head injuries as it is almost always permanent and can be life threatening.

Symptoms to Look For

If you’ve been in a car accident, there are a few symptoms you should watch for to help determine if you may have a brain injury, including:

  • Memory Loss
  • Dizziness
  • Frequent Headaches
  • Nausea or Vomiting
  • Blurred Vision
  • Personality Changes
  • Depression
  • Sleep Problems
  • Drowsiness
  • Loss of Balance
  • Difficulty Concentrating

If you notice any of these symptoms, see your doctor right away.

Who Is at Fault In a Chain Reaction Vehicle Accident?

One of the first steps after a car accident is determining who is at fault. This allows insurance companies to decide who is eligible for a settlement and which company should be paying for the damages. While this is often relatively clear cut when it comes to one- or two-vehicle accidents, a chain reaction accident can be more difficult to assign blame. IN most cases, more than one person will be assigned a portion of the blame.

How It Occurs

There are many ways in which a chain reaction accident can occur, though there are two common types. The first typically happens when one vehicle hits another, pushing the car that was hit into another vehicle in front of it. While this is the most common way these accidents occur, there are other ways as well. For instance, after a two-car collision, the obstacle present in the roadway can cause other vehicles to crash into those that were already involved in the accident, especially if it takes place around a curve or other drivers are traveling too fast.

Who Is at Fault

In most situations, the driver who first hit another car will bear a majority of the responsibility for the accident, if not all of it, because none of the cars would be hit if the first collision didn’t take place. However, this isn’t always the case. If other drivers or public agencies can be proven to be at fault as well, this can alleviate some of the fault from the initial driver. Some of the other factors that can determine if another driver is also at fault can include:

  • Following too closely
  • Speeding
  • Distracted driving, such as texting or talking on the phone
  • Failure to use brake lights or turn signals
  • Improper maintenance of traffic signals
  • Road obstacles that weren’t cleared

In some situations, no one is deemed at fault based on the current driving conditions, such as bad weather or other natural hazards, such as ice. Causing an accident because of the effects of a medical condition can also alleviate fault in an accident.

Establishing Fault

The key is proving the person is at fault to allow you to win your case and get the compensation to which you are entitled. There are several ways in which this can be done, but each of them must prove negligence on the part of the at-fault party. Some of the ways to prove fault include:

  • Physical evidence, such as type of vehicle damage and debris and skid marks on the road
  • Witness statements
  • Police reports
  • Traffic violation records for the at-fault party

Establishing fault in an accident is a critical component of getting compensation after an accident. When it comes to chain reaction crashes, this can be even more difficult, but still possible with the right tools.

How to Handle an Accident with an Uninsured Driver

No one plans on being in a car accident. When this situation does arise, it can be at the most inconvenient time, leaving you to deal with the other driver, insurance companies, damages and even the possibility of having to hire an attorney. Unfortunately, about 25 percent of people on the road in the U.S. are driving without insurance. Do you know what to do if you were involved in a car accident in Phoenix, AZ with someone who was not insured? If not, then you need the information here.

What to Do if the Other Driver is Uninsured 

If you are involved in a small accident, or fender bender, with an uninsured driver, they may just try to pay you for the damages on your vehicle. You should not do this. You need to first get a professional estimate for how much the repairs are going to cost since there may be structural or frame damage that isn’t visible. As a result, this could significantly increase the cost of repairs.

A smart option is to purchase uninsured motorist coverage. When you have this, your insurance will cover damages and repair costs for any accident – even if the at-fault person doesn’t have coverage. All you have to do is get the other person’s information. If you don’t have this type of coverage at the time of your accident, then you may have to hire an attorney to help you get the compensation you deserve.

While there are some states that have made it a law for drivers to have uninsured motorist coverage, this is not the case in Arizona; however, it is something you should consider doing.

What to Do if You are Uninsured? 

It is illegal for you to drive without insurance in Phoenix, Arizona. The consequences of doing this vary, but if you are involved in an accident, you may have to pay for the damages to both vehicles. If you are the cause of the accident and there are any related medical expenses, you may have to hire a lawyer for assistance.

The bottom line is that when it comes to driving, it is better to be safe and purchase the insurance now, rather than sorry that you don’t have coverage after an accident. With uninsured coverage, you don’t have to worry about how damages and medical bills will be covered after an accident.

Halloween Safety Preparation Tips

While you’re busy planning for your Halloween celebrations, you may fail to think about safety precautions you should be taking. However, in order to have the most fun possible, you will need to know how to protect yourself and your children. Accidents do happen, but you can decrease the risks of a catastrophic holiday by taking the right precautions.

Safe Costumes

Everyone loves to dress up for Halloween. However, it’s important to do so safely, especially if you plan on taking your kids around the neighborhood after dark. Even though you want to help your child create a costume that reflects the character they want, you can get a little creative by adding a few safety features on the costume. For instance, apply some reflective tape or other reflective stickers to the costume or your child’s treat bag. You can also buy glow sticks to wear or carry. This will increase visibility, especially on darker costumes.

Safe Walking

As you walk around with your child, it’s important to make sure your child knows how to stay safe. Even though a lot of people will be out walking, there will also be a lot of drivers. people driving as well. Talk to your child about obeying any traffic signals and always looking both ways more than once before crossing any streets. Your child should also be encouraged to keep phones and electronics put away. You should also instruct your child to make eye contact with a driver before crossing the road to ensure they are seen.

Safe Driving

If you will be out on the road Halloween night, you will need to exercise even greater caution as you drive. Despite parents’ best efforts, children have a tendency to get overexcited and may dart into the road unpredictably. This means you must put greater focus on the road in front of you and your surroundings and avoid getting distracted by cell phones or anything else. Drive slowly, especially through residential area, and stay alert to everything going on around you.

Staying safe on Halloween will ensure everyone has a good time. However, accidents can still happen. If you are involved in any type of accident during this holiday celebration, it’s important to contact a qualified attorney in Arizona as soon as possible. They can help guide you through the process of seeking the compensation to which you are entitled.

Settling a Personal Injury Claim for a Minor

Minors have no say over legal matters due to their age. While in many cases, this means parents are responsible for making decisions, the court will often step in and make sure a child’s best interest is protected when it comes to settling a personal injury case. This can add time and expense onto a case, which is why it’s important for parents to understand how this process works.

An Added Layer of Protection

Parents are supposed to protect their children, which is why they will typically work with an experienced personal injury attorney to handle their child’s case. However, sometimes the dollar signs can cloud judgment and parents make decisions that aren’t particularly in the best interest of their injured child. Requiring approval from the court prior to accepting a settlement will ensure a neutral third party is looking at it from the child’s perspective, providing an additional layer of protection to ensure a child is compensated appropriately for the injuries they have suffered.

Protecting the Assets

Once a settlement has been reached, the courts require the funds received in the settlement are placed into a conservatorship so they will be used for the child’s needs. Even parents with the best intentions can make mistakes that lead to using the money in a way it shouldn’t be. This process works by naming a conservator to take control of the settlement funds. In many cases, this money is placed into a high-interest bearing account so it can grow and the child will have the finances needed to maintain a good quality of life as they go through their lives. If the money isn’t required immediately, it’s best to leave it to gain interest. However, if the parents do need assistance with bills and other costs directly associated with the injury, the conservator can withdraw the funds as needed. This money cannot be used for clothing, food or shelter because these are considered basic needs every parent should provide.

Who Can Be Conservator

Anyone can be named conservator over a personal injury settlement. When the settlement is on the lower end, the parents are typically named as conservators because there is little risk of abusing the money. However, when a larger sum is obtained, it is often wise to choose an outside party who has nothing to gain personally by controlling the money. In these situations, the conservator must be bonded and will be required to check in with the courts on a regular basis to ensure the money is managed properly. Any conservator must be approved by the court.

No one wants to see their child injured, especially when someone else is at fault. However, if this does occur, it’s important to understand how these settlements work so you can more easily navigate through the case and get the compensation your child deserves.

4 Major Costs for Your Minor Wreck

The expenses that go along with vehicular accidents is enormous. And while a lot of people don’t know this, taxpayers actually foot the bill on many auto repair costs that is incurred by vehicles belonging to the city, county, and state. After many years of service within the several practice areas of law, it has become easier to see which expenses are the most major even in the most minor of wrecks. Let’s take a quick look at the four major costs that can be endured in a minor wreck.

Peace of Mind

Sometimes, what you lose in a wreck does not have a monetary value, such as your peace of mind. When your family is accustom to having a vehicle, or perhaps even more than one at any given time, and one of them is damaged in a wreck, this can become very stressful. Not only are you stressing about replacing the car or truck, but in the meantime you are having to get your entire family to wherever it is that they need to go with one less vehicle. From having to get up earlier to picking up the kids late from school, your peace of mind is likely to go out the window until you can afford a vehicle replacement.

Loss of Life

The year 2016 brought about one of the worst years in regards to lives loss from vehicular accidents. There were nearly 40,000 vehicular deaths in 2016, which was a six percent rise from the year 2015 and a 14 percent rise from 2014.

Medical Expenses

Repairing and/or replacing damaged vehicles can be quite costly, especially when one of the cars involved does not have insurance on it. What is even more costly is the associated medical bills that are often incurred. And what is sad is that a large number of people drive around with no insurance on their cars and trucks, meaning if medical expenses need to be covered, there is no insurance to cover it.

Loss of Insurance

After you are involved in so many accidents or incur so many traffic violations, you will likely be unable to acquire insurance. And even if you are able, the premium rates are going to be outrageous. This is why so many people drive around with no insurance at all — it’s not that they don’t want to purchase it, it’s just that they don’t have the money to afford it.

To learn about receiving proper compensation for your wreck, contact a qualified personal injury attorney today.

How to Make a Successful Wage Loss Claim

After being in a car accident that wasn’t your fault and losing time at work, victims can often feel overwhelmed and anxious about their finances. If this has happened to you, it’s important to file a wage loss claim.  To do this successfully, there are some things you need to know.

For starters, what is considered lost wages? This is any income you lost because of the accident and includes the following scenarios:

  • Lost wages for the time you were not able to go to work
  • Lost earning capacity if the accident leaves you disabled and unable to work.
  • Lost opportunities, such as having to turn down a promotion, contract job, or other means of income because of the injury or injuries sustained.

If any of the above apply to you, you can make a wage claim loss.  Here is how to to bring about a successful outcome.

Document lost wages

In order for the insurance company to pay out your lost wages claim, they need proof.  This means you must have documentation that proves you can not work because of your injuries.  Examples of this documentation includes:

  • Medical records and/or a letter from your doctor that clearly proves you can not work due to your injuries.  This should include dates and a description of the injuries.  Your doctor would have also sent a letter to your employer explaining that you are unable to work.  You will need a copy of this letter.
  • A letter from your employer that shows dates you missed work due to your injuries.
  • If you are a contract worker, business owner, or self-employed, you will need your tax returns to prove your income.

Calculating lost wages

Depending on your work status, calculating lost wages differs.  If you are an employee who works for an hourly wage or a salary, it is simple to calculate lost wages. You multiply the number of days or weeks missed by your hourly rate or weekly salary.  When you work on commission, this is more difficult but can still be done with the help of an experienced attorney.  Something you should also note is that you can include lost vacation and sick days in your claim if you used them because of the injury.

What if you are disabled?

If you cannot return to work due to the injuries you sustained, there are many variables that go into determining your loss of income.  Typically, it will require experts to determine lost wage amounts and fair compensation.  These experts can include economists, life-care planners, future medical needs experts, and more.

If you were in a car accident that wasn’t your fault and lost money from being unable to work, you need an experienced personal injury lawyer to help you with your wage loss claim to get the financial compensation you deserve.  Call Hastings and Hastings at 800-975-0080 today.

How Long Can an Insurance Company Take to Settle a Personal Injury Claim?

When a client has been in a car accident and is seeking damages, a frequently asked question is, “How long will it take to settle my case?”.  That depends since there are two ways to resolve a personal injury case: settlement out of court or verdict at trial.

The first step towards settling a claim is to file a lawsuit and then decide if you want to settle out of court or go to trial Typically, both parties decide to settle out of court.  If one part refuses to settle out of court, the lawsuit will go to trial.

As a general rule, settlements tend to be resolved quicker than trials, one of the reasons why most parties choose former option.  So if you do decide to settle out of court, how much time can you expect this process to take?

Let’s start from the beginning since there is really no specified time period.  However, the following will give you a general idea of what to expect.

Whether the claimant has a claim against  an individual or a company, he has two years from the date of injury to file a lawsuit.  However, this time period can be longer or shorter depending on the facts of the case.  Any experienced attorney can help pinpoint time frames on a case-by-case basis.

Once the claimant files, the two insurance companies can spend up to two years trying to negotiate the claim out of court.  If the claimant wants to go to court, they must file a claim within that time frame.  Once the expiration date is reached and a lawsuit has not been filed, the opportunity to file passes forever.  If the entity at fault is a government agency, the claimant only has 180 days from the date of injury to file a claim.  This claim needs to be filed with the right representative of the government agency being sued and using a professional attorney is the best way to see that the claim in filed correctly and with the right person.  The deadlines put on claimants as to how much time they have to file a lawsuit is called “statues of limitations”.

As far as the amount of time it takes to settle a case in or out of court, there is no deadline.  Typically, the length of time can depend on many variables, including the complexity of the case, the extent of the injuries,  and whether or not both parties are cooperative.

To learn more about how long it could take to settle your personal injury claim, call us at 800-975-0080 and a friendly attorney will discuss your case with you during a free, no obligation consultation. Call us today!

Social Media’s Role in Car Accidents

Social media allows us to stay in contact with whoever we want whenever we want and where ever we want, and that means while we’re driving, too.  For the newest generations raised in a world dominated by social media sites like Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter, staying updated and keeping everyone else updated can become a constant obsession.  And this can be very dangerous, especially when people use these sites while driving.

You and Your Smartphone

With a smartphone at your fingertips you can check stock quotes at a red light, snap an Instagram picture of a funny named road sign, take a selfie while your driving, update your feed, and on and on.  When a driver does any of these actions while driving, he becomes a danger for everyone on the road.  Playing around on social media sites while driving is a major distraction.  In fact, anything that takes your eyes off the road for any longer than the time it takes to blink is a distraction. That goes for adjusting consul controls, turning around to talk to someone in the back seat, and fumbling to find your ringing phone.

The Evidence

Studies have found that the social media sites most visited by drivers are Snapchat, Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook.  A study done by Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) concluded that there are thousands of drivers on the road using social media sites everyday.  The numbers get worse.  Of the thousands who frequently use social media while driving, many admitted they are looking at their smartphone 60 percent of the time rather than at the road.  Organizations are now calling on the government to make an action plan about educating the public on the consequences and risks involved when using a smartphone while driving.  To avoid the temptation of texting while driving, you can install an app that blocks testing.  Perhaps similar apps will be created when it comes to social media sites.

At Hastings & Hastings we understand that distracted drivers are a major cause of accidents, many of which could have been avoided.  When a person is using a phone to update their status on Facebook and gets into an accident, they are liable for damages. If you or someone you love has been injured in a car accident due to a distracted driver using social media sites while driving, or using their phone in a different way that led to the accident, call us at 800-975-0080.  Our friendly team of attorneys will listen to your experience and answer all of your questions. Call us today for a free, no obligation consultation.

One Common Mistake an Injured Party Makes After a Car Accident

Getting into a car accident can make a person feel rattled, nervous, and anxious.  You may have had a slight injury or something more serious, but either way, it can be easy for an injured person to make mistakes when dealing with the aftermath, especially when it come to the other party’s insurance company. After an accident, the other party’s insurance company will call the injured person. At this time, the insurance company will ask the injured party questions as well as make other requests of the them, many of which may seem perfectly logical and reasonable.

What kind of requests? For starters, the other party’s insurance company may ask the injured party for some of all of the following:

Medical Records and Medical Bills

This is one area where injured parties can make a common mistake.  The insurance company will call and ask for your medical records related to the suffered injury.  They may tell you they need the records to consider your claim.  While this could be true, what they also want to see is your medical bills.  However, it should be known that they are not legally entitled to see all that is on your billing statement. To avoid the mistake of handing over documents you shouldn’t to the other insurance company, it’s important to have a trusted attorney representing your claim.

For example, let’s assume that the injury sustained from a car accident of which it was the other party’s fault ran up $75,000. The hospital, however, gave you a discount of $20,000.  If the other insurance company sees that discount, they will only compensate the injured party for $55,000 instead of $75,000. Again, they are not entitled to this information so there is no reason to give it to them.

To avoid making the common mistake of giving an insurance company too much information , it is best to retain the services of a lawyer immediately after you are in a car accident.  As an injured party you are entitled to fair and just compensation for the injury you sustained by the other driver’s negligence.  At Hastings & Hastings, we have represented hundreds of individuals who have been the victim of a car accident.  If you would like to discuss your claim and receive a free no obligation with one of our experienced attorneys, call Hastings & Hastings at 800-975-0080. We will listen to your story, answer all your questions, and make our professional legal recommendation.  Call today.